Selected publications: Environment

To request a copy of a paper, please email Rosa Stipanovic at rl1y [at] andrew.cmu.edu.

Apt, J., & Fischhoff, B. (2006). Power and people. Electricity Journal, 19(9), 17-25.

Atman, C.J., Bostrom, A., Fischhoff, B. & Morgan, M.G.. (1994). Designing risk communications: Completing and correcting mental models of hazardous processes, Part 1. Risk Analysis, 14, 779-788.

Bostrom, A., Atman, C.J., Fischhoff, B., & Morgan, M.G. (1994). Evaluating risk communications: Completing and correcting mental models of hazardous processes. Part 2. Risk Analysis, 14, 789-798.

Bostrom, A., Fischhoff, B., & Morgan, M.G. (1992). Characterizing mental models of hazardous processes: A methodology and an application to radon. Journal of Social Issues, 48, 85-100.

Fischer, G.W., Morgan, G.M., Fischhoff, B., Nair, I., & Lave, L.B. (1991). What risks are people concerned about? Risk Analysis, 11, 303-314.

Fischhoff, B. (2006). Behaviorally realistic risk analysis. In R.J. Daniels, R.F. Kettle, & H.

Fischhoff, B. (in press). Cognitive issues in stated preference methods. In K-G. Mäler & J. Vincent (Eds.), Handbook of Environmental Economics. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Fischhoff, B. (in press). Heuristics and biases in application. In T. Gilovich, D. Griffin & D.Kahneman (Eds.), The psychology of judgment: Heuristics and biases. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Fischhoff, B. (2002). Risk perception, risk communication, risk taking. Journal of Psychology and Financial Markets, 3, 102-111.

Fischhoff, B. (2001). Defining stigma. In J. Flynn, H. Kunreuther & P. Slovic (Eds.), Risk, media, and stigma (pp. 361-368). London: Earthscan.

Fischhoff, B. (2001). Environmental cognition, perception, and attitudes. In P.B. Baltes & N.J. Smelser (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences (Vol. 7, pp. 4596-4602). Kidlington, UK: Pergamon.

Fischhoff, B. (2001). Understanding public values and attitudes related to ecological risk management. Chair’s summary. EPA/SAB Workshop. Washington, DC, May 23 & 24, 2001.

Fischhoff, B. (2000). Informed consent in eliciting environmental values. Environmental Science and Technology, 38, 1439-1444.

Fischhoff, B. (2000). Scientific management of science? Policy Sciences, 33, 73-87.

Fischhoff, B. (1998). Communicate unto others... Reliability Engineering and System Safety , 59, 63-72.

Fischhoff, B. (1998). Diagnosing stigma. Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 59, 47-48.

Fischhoff, B. (1997). What do psychologists want? Contingent valuation as a special case of asking questions. In R. J. Kopp, W.W. Pommerehne, and N. Schwarz (Eds.), Determining the value of nonmarketed goods (pp. 189-217). New York: Plenum.

Fischhoff, B. (1996). Public values in risk research. Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science, 545, 75-84.

Fischhoff, B. (1995). Ranking risks. Risk: Health Safety & Environment, 6, 189-200.

Fischhoff, B. (1995). Risk perception and communication unplugged: Twenty years of process. Risk Analysis, 15, 137-145.

Fischhoff, B. (1994). Acceptable risk: A conceptual proposal. Risk: Health, Safety & Environment, 1, 1-28.

Fischhoff, B. (1991) Report from Poland: Science and politics in the midst of environmental disaster. Environment, 33, 13-17, 37.

Fischhoff, B. (1991). Value elicitation: Is there anything in there? American Psychologist, 46, 835-847.

Fischhoff, B. (1990). Psychology and public policy: Tool or tool maker? American Psychologist, 45, 57-63.

Fischhoff, B. (1990). What's it worth to you? A review of Using surveys to value public goods: The contingent valuation method by R.C. Mitchell & R.T. Carson. Public Opinion Quarterly, 54, 286-294.

Fischhoff, B. (1989). Risk: A guide to controversy. Apendix to National Research Council. Improving risk communications (pp. 211-319). Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Fischhoff, B. (1988). Specifying value measurements. In B. Driver, G. Peterson, and R. Gregory (Eds.), Evaluating amenity resources (pp. 107-116). New York: Venture.

Fischhoff, B. (1985). Managing risk perceptions. Issues in Science and Technology, 2, 83-96.

Fischhoff, B. (1985). Protocols for environmental reporting: What to ask the experts. The Journalist, Winter, 11-15.

Fischhoff, B. (1985). Risk analysis demystified. NCAP News, 4, 30-32.

Fischhoff, B. (1984). Setting standards: A systematic approach to managing public health and safety risks. Management Science, 30, 823-843.

Fischhoff, B. (1977). Cost-benefit analysis and the art of motorcycle maintenance. Policy Sciences, 8, 177-202.

Fischhoff, B., Bostrom, A., & Quadrel, M.J. (2002). Riskperception and communication. In R. Detels, J. McEwen, R. Beaglehole & H. Tanaka (Eds.), Oxford textbook of public health. (pp. 1105-1123). London: Oxford University Press.

Fischhoff, B. & Cox, L. A., Jr. (1985). Conceptual framework for regulatory benefit assessment. In J. D. Bentkover, V. T. Covello and J. Mumpower (Eds. ), Benefits assessment: The state of the art (pp. 51-84). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: D. Reidel.

Fischhoff, B., & Fischhoff, I. (2002). Publics’ opinions of biotechnologies. AgBiotech Forum, 4, 155-162.

Fischhoff, B., & Fischhoff, I. (2001). Will they hate us? Anticipating unacceptable risks. Risk Management, 3, 7-18.

Fischhoff, B., Fischhoff, I., Casman, E., & Dowlatabadi, H. (in press). Integrated assessment of malaria risk. In E. Casman & H. Dowlatabadi (Eds.), Contextual determinants of malaria. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.

Fischhoff, B. & Furby, L. (1988). Measuring values: A conceptual framework for interpreting transactions. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 1, 147-184.

Fischhoff, B. & Furby, L. (1986). A review and critique of Tolley, Randall et al. "Establishing and valuing the effects of improved visibility in the Eastern United States". ERI Technical Report 86-8. Eugene, OR: Eugene Research Institute.

Fischhoff, B., Hohenemser, C., Kasperson, R. E. & Kates, R. W. (1978). Can hazard management be improved? Environment, 20, 16-20 & 32-37.

Fischhoff, B., Lichtenstein, S., Slovic, P., Derby, S. L. &Keeney, R. L. (1981). Acceptable risk. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Fischhoff, B., Nadaï, A., & Fischhoff, I. (2001). Investing in Frankenfirms. Journal of Psychology and Financial Markets, 2, 100-111.

Fischhoff, B., Quadrel, M.J., Kamlet, M., Loewenstein, G., Dawes, R., Fischbeck, P., Klepper, S., Leland, J., & Stroh, P. (1993). Embedding effects: Stimulus representation and response modes. Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 6, 211-234.

Fischhoff, B., Slovic, P. & Lichtenstein, S. (1979). Weighing the risks. Environment, 21(5), 17-20, 32-38. Reprinted in P.Slovic (Ed.), The perception of risk. London: Earthscan.

Fischhoff, B., Slovic, P. & Lichtenstein, S. (1982). Lay foibles and expert fables in judgments about risk. American Statistician, 36, 240-255.

Fischhoff, B., Slovic, P. & Lichtenstein, S. (1983). The "public" vs. the "experts": Perceived vs. actual disagreement about the risks of nuclear power. In V. Covello G. Flamm, J. Rodericks and R. Tardiff (Eds.), Analysis of actual vs. perceived risks (pp. 235-249). New York: Plenum.

Fischhoff, B., Slovic, P., Lichtenstein, S., Read, S. & Combs, B. (1978). How safe is safe enough? A psychometric study of attitudes towards technological risks and benefits. Policy Sciences, 8, 127-152. Reprinted in P.Slovic (Ed.), The perception of risk. London: Earthscan, 2001.

Fischhoff, B., & Small, M. (2000). Human behavior in industrial ecology modeling. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 3, 4-7.

Fischhoff, B., Svenson, O., & Slovic, P. (1987). Active responses to environmental hazards. In D. Stokols and I. Altman (Eds.), Handbook of environmental psychology (pp. 1089-1133). New York: Wiley.

Fischhoff, B., Watson, S., & Hope, C. (1984). Defining risk. Policy Sciences, 17, 123-139.

Frederick, S. & Fischhoff, B. (1998). Scope insensitivity in elicited values. Risk Decision and Policy. 3, 109-124.

Furby, L, Gregory, R., Slovic, P., & Fischhoff, B. (1988). Electric power transmission lines, property value and compensation. Journal of Environmental Management, 27, 69-83.

Furby, L. & Fischhoff, B. (1988). Specifying subjective evaluations. A critique of Dickie et al.'s interpretation of their contingent valuation results for reduced minor health symptoms. USEPA Cooperative Agreement #CR814655-01-0. Eugene, OR: Eugene Research Institute.

Furby, L., Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B., & Gregory, R. (1988). Public perceptions of electric power transmission lines. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 8, 19-43.

Gregory, R., Fischhoff, B., & McDaniels, T. (2005). Acceptable inputs: Decision analytic standards for participatory processes. Decision Analysis, 2, 4-16.

Gregory, R., Fischhoff, B., Butte, G., & Thorne, S. (2003). A multi-channel stakeholder consultation process for energy deregulation. Energy Policy, 31, 1291-9.

Kovacs, D.,C., Fischhoff, B., & Small, M. (2001). PCE in dry cleaning: A mental models study of consumer and operator understanding. Journal of Risk Research. 4, 353-375.

Kovacs, D.C., Small, M.J., Davidson, C., & Fischhoff, B. (1997). Household cleaning products and exposure potential. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemology, 7, 505-520.

Kunreuther (ed.), Risk and responsibility. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Lichtenstein, S., Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B, Layman, M. & Combs, B. (1978). Judged frequency of lethal events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 4, 551-578.

Löfstedt, R., Fischhoff, B., & Fischhoff, I. (2002). Precautionary principles: General definitions and specific applications to genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 21, 381-407.

Morgan, K.M., DeKay, M.L., Fischbeck, P.S., Morgan, M.G., Fischhoff, B., & Florig, H.K. (2001). A deliberative method for ranking risks (2): Evaluation of validity and agreement among risk managers. Risk Analysis, 21, 923-938.

Morgan, M.G., Fischhoff, B., Bostrom, A., & Atman, C. (2001). Risk communication: The mental models approach. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Morgan, M.G., Fischhoff, B., Lave, L. & Fischbeck, P. (1996). A proposal for ranking risks within federal agencies. In C. Davies (Ed.), Comparing environmental risks (pp. 111-147). Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.

Morgan, M.G., Fischhoff, B., Bostrom, A., Lave, L., & Atman, C.J. (1992). Communicating risk to the public. Environmental Science and Technology, 26, 2048-2056.

Riley, D.M., Fischhoff, B., & Small, M., & Fischbeck, P. Behaviorally realistic regulation. (2001). In P.S. Fischbeck & S. Farrow (Eds.), Improving regulation: Cases in environment, health, and safety (pp. 145-164). Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.

Riley, D.M., Fischhoff, B., Small, M., & Fischbeck, P. (2001). Evaluating the effectiveness of risk-reduction strategies for consumer chemical products. Risk Analysis, 21, 357-369.

Rode, D., Fischhoff, B., & Fischbeck, P. (2000). Catastrophic risk and securities design. Journal of Psychology and Financial Markets, 1, 111-126.

Roth, E., Morgan, G., Fischhoff, B., Lave, L., & Bostrom, A. (1990). What do we know about making risk comparisons? Risk Analysis, 10, 375-387.

Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B., & Lichtenstein, S. (1985). Characterizing perceived risk. In R. W. Kates, C. Hohenemser and J. Kasperson (Eds.), Perilous progress: Managing the hazards of technology. (pp. 91-125). Boulder, CO: Westview.

Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B. & Lichtenstein, S. (1982). Why study risk perceptions? Risk Analysis, 2, 83-93.

Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B. & Lichtenstein, S. (1981). Perceived risk: Psychological factors and social implications. In F. Warner and D. H. Slater (Eds.), The assessment and perception of risk (pp. 17-34). London: The Royal Society.

Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B. & Lichtenstein, S. (1980). Facts and fears: Understanding perceived risk. In R. Schwing and W. A. Albers, Jr. (Eds.), Societal risk assessment: How safe is safe enough? (pp. 181-214). New York: Plenum Press.

Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B. & Lichtenstein, S. (1979). Rating the risks. Environment, 21, 14-20, 36-39.

Slovic, P., Fischhoff, B. & Lichtenstein, S. (1976). Cognitive processes and societal risk taking. In J. S. Carroll and J. W. Payne (Eds.), Cognition and social behavior (pp. 165-184). Potomac, MD: Erlbaum. Reprinted in H. Jungermann and G. deZeeuw (Eds.), Decision making and change in human affairs. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: D. Reidel, 1977. P.Slovic (Ed.), The perception of risk. London: Earthscan.

Svenson, O. & Fischhoff, B. (1985). Levels of environmental decisions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 5, 55-68.

Welch, N., & Fischhoff, B. (2001). The social context of contingent valuation transactions. Society and Natural Resources, 14, 1-13.

Willis, H.H., DeKay, M.L., Fischhoff, B., & Morgan, M.G. (2005). Aggregate and disaggregate analyses of ecological risk perceptions. Risk Analysis, 25, 405-428.